"Bell Labs Celebrates 50th Anniversary of Telstar and Birth of Modern Communications"
July 9th, 2012
Bell Labs, the research arm of Alcatel-Lucent (Euronext Paris and NYSE: ALU) will celebrate one of its great historical achievements with the 50th anniversary of the launch of Telstar I, the world's first active communications satellite. The launch on July 10, 1962, in partnership with NASA, ushered in the era of modern communications including real-time global telephone service, data communications and TV broadcasting.
Fifty years later, Bell Labs researchers continue to create breakthrough innovations that help to define a world where communication between people and now between machines is vastly more efficient, secure and simple. Bell Labs' experts also continue to answer big, fundamental questions and make predictions in areas such as quantum computing, optical networks, cloud computing, wireless and sensory networking.
Jeong Kim, President of Bell Labs said: "With Telstar and its successors, the world was made a smaller place, as billions of people around the world had instant access to news, sports and entertainment. The phrase 'live via satellite' became part of the common vernacular. At the time, few people would have believed that 50 years later you could actually talk to your house or car, or predicted that children would play video games with other children 10,000 miles away."
"Today, as we celebrate the enormous achievement that Telstar represented, Bell Labs researchers are laying the foundation for communications and collaboration for the next 50 years," Kim added. Visualizing what's next in communications.
Telstar's transformation of communications
Telstar I, a sphere roughly a yard in diameter and weighing about 170 pounds, was a technology 'tour de force,' incorporating dozens of innovations from Bell Labs, including the transistor and solar panels, and was powered by 3,600 solar cells also invented by Bell Labs in 1954. The satellite could carry 600 voice calls and one black-and-white TV channel.
It was launched on top of a NASA Thor-Delta rocket and was placed in an elliptical orbit some 30,000 miles above the Earth's equator, with a maximum transmission time between Europe and the United States of 20 minutes per pass. Once in orbit on July 10, the world's first transatlantic television signal was beamed via Telstar from an earth station in Andover, Maine, USA, to a twin station in Pleumeur-Bodou, France. A signal was also received at a sister station in Goonhilly Downs, England. Telstar achieved many firsts - it was the first active, direct-relay communications satellite, it successfully transmitting through space the first television pictures, telephone calls, high-speed data communications and fax images, and the first live transatlantic television feed. Telstar 1 went out of service on February 21, 1963, with subsequent Telstar satellites taking its place, including Telstar 18, which launched in 2008.
The long-trusted partner of service providers, enterprises and governments around the world, Alcatel-Lucent is a leading innovator in the field of networking and communications technology, products and services. The company is home to Bell Labs, one of the world's foremost research centers, responsible for breakthroughs that have shaped the networking and communications industry. Alcatel-Lucent was named one of MIT Technology Review's 2012 Top 50 list of the "World's Most Innovative Companies" for breakthroughs such as lightRadio(TM), which cuts power consumption and operating costs on wireless networks while delivering lightning fast Internet access. Through such innovations, Alcatel-Lucent is making communications more sustainable, more affordable and more accessible as we pursue our mission - Realizing the Potential of a Connected World. With operations in more than 130 countries and one of the most experienced global services organizations in the industry, Alcatel-Lucent is a local partner with global reach. The Company achieved revenues of Euro 15.3 billion in 2011 and is incorporated in France and headquartered in Paris.